Putting Nuclear Electromagnetic Bursts Under Control
A nuclear electromagnetic pulse is also known as EMP or NEMP is a burst of electromagnetic radiation created by nuclear explosion. Different weapons have been developed to deliver the damaging effects of high energy EMP. These burst are invisible they occur naturally in nature during a lightning strike and hence cause electrical disruptions nearby. The risk associated with EMP attack include nationwide blackout of the electric power grid, and a shutdown of critical infrastructure reliant on the grid.
Nuclear electromagnetic burst are caused by different factors which include detonation of a nuclear bomb, solar flare, a device intended to cause an EMP, close lightning stroke and finally a massive powerline short circuit. Not unless it is a terrorist attack this nuclear burst do not happen at many times.Solar flare mostly happen though it is harmless not unless it is in extreme. Computers and computer equipments, appliances containing microprocessors, automobile electronic ignition, power fuses, TV cameras, computer disks among others are some of the electronic devices that are prone to electromagnetic burst. Not all electronic appliances are prone the electromagnetic bursts some are actually very immune they include computers and computer equipments, appliances containing microprocessors, automobile electronic ignition, power fuses, TV cameras, computer disks among others.
Electricity has become part of our daily lives starting with food production and preservation , transport and communication for both domestic and commercial use. A duration after the electromagnetic bursts it is like the old times before the invention of electricity hence people should repair their non electrical equipments for use during this time. To ensure smooth time during the blackout it is good to ensure that equipments made of a semiconductor are avoided as much as possible where one cannot do without them it is good to check the voltage levels to ensure that they are rated to maximum voltage and currents of about ten times. Provide battery backup like use of a generator it is also advisable to use large ferrite beads on power wiring. One can also purchase a faraday bag or cage for use during this time this is a conductive structure that is designed to protect the contents in it from electricity pulse. The burst can lead to loss of network also the mobile phones may go off due to this reason it is advisable to use other devices to communicate an example use of walkie talkie and CB radios. Make your own electricity power source an example the use of solar panels, biogas, wind turbine generator among others. To avoid food shortage due to the stoppage of production process of food it is advisable to plant food crops.
Various measures should be put into place to avoid damage that is brought about by the electromagnetic burst such include shield wiring connected to sensitive equipments or enclose wiring in metal conguits, fuse long wires and cables, increase the current carrying capacity of the building ground.